Indicators of Winter Climate Change in the Northern Forest
A team of scientists examined one hundred years of winter temperature and precipitation data from weather stations across the forested areas of the northeastern United States, eastern Canada, and Great Lakes region. Their results show a clear picture of fewer days with cold temperatures and declining snowpack over the last century. This loss of cold and snow, in a region historically adapted to cold, snowy winters, has profound implications for water, wildlife, forests, and people.
We created two versions of this Science Links synthesis report.
- Confronting Our Changing Winters: immersive digital story version
- Confronting Our Changing Winters: pdf download version
- Want to receive a set of printed copies for your workplace or event? Email Sarah Garlick: firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Confronting Our Changing Winters Science Links synthesis report is based on the following two studies:
Contosta, A.R., Casson, N.J., Garlick, S., Nelson, S.J., Ayres, M.P., Burakowski, E.A., Campbell, J., Creed, I., Eimers, C., Evans, C., Fernandez, I., Fuss, C., Son, K., Templer, P., Thornbrugh, C. (2019), Northern forest winters have lost cold, snowy conditions that are important for ecosystems and human communities. Ecological Applications, 29(7), https://doi.org/10.1002/eap.1974.
Contosta, A.R., Casson, N.J., Nelson, S.J, Garlick, S., (2019), Defining frigid winter illuminates its loss across seasonally snow-covered areas of eastern North America. Environmental Research Letters, https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ab54f3.
Additional Assets: The following figures, tables, and images from the report are available to download. When using any of these assets, please attribute "Courtesy of the Hubbard Brook Research Foundation."